The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has issued new recommendations on who should be routinely screened for HIV infection. Previously, USPSTF released recommendations that only high-risk individuals should be screened for HIV. Specifically, it concluded that “the benefit of screening adolescents and adults without risk factors for HIV is too small relative to potential harms to justify a general recommendation.” In November, the USPSTF issued draft recommendations that all adolescents and adults, regardless of high-risk, should be routinely screened for HIV infection. As of yesterday, those draft recommendations became final. In a statement issued yesterday, USPSTF issued a final recommendation officially proposing that all individuals ages 15–65 should be screened for HIV infection, including pregnant women who are unaware of their HIV status.
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